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Codeine MedlinePlus Drug Information - National Library of Medicine


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4/14/2014
02:12 | Author: Hannah Ramirez

Cough syrup with codeine
Codeine MedlinePlus Drug Information - National Library of Medicine

Codeine is usually taken as needed. If your doctor has told you to take codeine regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. dizziness lightheadedness headache drowsiness mood changes nausea vomiting constipation stomach pain difficulty urinating sleepiness confusion.

This medication is sometimes prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

If you are giving codeine to a child, give the medication only as needed. Do not give codeine on a regular (around-the-clock) schedule and do not give more than six doses in 24 hours.

AHFS Consumer Medication Information., 2014. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 7272 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, Maryland.. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized by ASHP.

Disclaimers Privacy Accessibility Quality Guidelines Viewers & Players U.S. National Library of Medicine 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Page last updated: 24 September 2014.

It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.

loss of muscle tone.

Codeine may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while you are taking this medication.

Codeine is also available in combination with acetaminophen (Capital and Codeine, Tylenol with Codeine); aspirin; and carisoprodol; and as an ingredient in many cough and cold medications. This monograph only includes information about the use of codeine. If you are taking a codeine combination product, be sure to read information about all the ingredients in the product you are taking and ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

noisy or shallow breathing.

Codeine can be habit-forming. Do not take a larger dose, take it more often, or take it for a longer period of time than prescribed by your doctor. Do not stop taking codeine without talking to your doctor. Your doctor may decrease your dose gradually. If you suddenly stop taking codeine, you may experience withdrawal symptoms such as restlessness, widened pupils (black circles in the center of the eyes), teary eyes, irritability, anxiety, runny nose, difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, yawning, sweating, fast breathing, fast heartbeat, chills, hair on your arms standing on end, nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, muscle aches, or backache.

Some children who took codeine to relieve pain after surgery to remove their tonsils and/or adenoids have had slowed breathing and have died during their treatment. Many children who have surgery to remove their tonsils and adenoids are being treated for obstructive sleep apnea (condition in which the airway becomes blocked or narrow and breathing stops for short periods during sleep). This condition makes these children especially sensitive to breathing problems. Codeine should not be used to relieve pain in children after surgery to remove the tonsils and/or adenoids. If your child's doctor prescribes codeine to relieve pain after this type of surgery, talk to your doctor about using a different medication to treat the pain.

In case of overdose, call your local poison control center at. If the victim has collapsed or is not breathing, call local emergency services at 911. difficulty breathing excessive drowsiness loss of consciousness.

cold and clammy skin fainting dizziness slow heartbeat.

Before having any laboratory test, l your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are taking codeine.

Shake the solution well before each use to mix the medication evenly. Do not use a household spoon to measure your dose. Use the measuring cup or spoon that came with the medication or use a spoon that is made especially for measuring medication.

Unless your doctor ls you otherwise, continue your normal diet.

Codeine is used to relieve mild to moderate pain. It is also used, usually in combination with other medications, to reduce coughing. Combination products that contain codeine and promethazine should not be used in children younger than 16 years of age. Codeine will help relieve symptoms but will not treat the cause of symptoms or speed recovery. Codeine belongs to a class of medications called opiate (narcotic) analgesics and to a class of medications called antitussives. When codeine is used to treat pain, it works by changing the way the brain and nervous system respond to pain. When codeine is used to reduce coughing, it works by decreasing the activity in the part of the brain that causes coughing.

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Codeine (alone or in combination with other medications) comes as a tablet, a capsule, and a solution (liquid) to take by mouth. It is usually taken every 4 to 6 hours as needed. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take codeine exactly as directed.

difficulty breathing or swallowing.

Last Revised - 10/15/2013.

Keep all appointments with your doctor.

¶ This branded product is no longer on the market. Generic alternatives may be available.

If you experience a serious side effect, you or your doctor may send a report to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online or by phone.

Your doctor or pharmacist will give you the manufacturer's patient information sheet (Medication Guide) when you begin treatment with codeine and each time you refill your prescription. Read the information carefully and ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions. You can also visit the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) website ( http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm085729.htm ) or the manufacturer's website to obtain the Medication Guide.

Do not let anyone else take your medication. Selling or giving away this medication may cause death or harm to others and is illegal. Your prescription might not be refillable. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.

fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat rash itching hives changes in vision seizures.

Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed. at room temperature and away from excess heat and moisture (not in the bathroom). Keep it in a safe place where no one else can take it accidentally or on purpose. Be especially careful to keep codeine out of reach of children. If a child accidentally takes codeine, get emergency medical help right away. Throw away any medication that is outdated or no longer needed. Talk to your pharmacist about the proper disposal of your medication.


Cough syrup with codeine